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12 1964

PATENTS ACT, 1964

PART II.

Application, Investigation, Opposition, etc.

Persons entitled to apply for patent.

6. —(1) An application for a patent may be made by any person who claims—

(a) to be the true and first inventor of the invention to which the application relates, or

(b) that the true and first inventor of the invention to which the application relates has assigned to him the right to make the application,

and may be made either alone or jointly with another person.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, application for a patent may be made by a person who has applied in a convention country for protection for the invention to which the application for the patent relates or by a person to whom such person has assigned the right to make the application for the patent.

(3) An application for a patent under subsection (2) of this section (in this Act referred to as a convention application) shall be made during such period (not being less than twelve months) as may be prescribed commencing on the date of the relevant application for protection or, in the case of more than one application, the date of the first such application.

(4) An application for a patent may be made by the personal representative of a person who, immediately before his death was entitled to make such an application.

Application for patent.

7. —(1) An application for a patent shall be made in the prescribed form and shall be filed at the Office in the prescribed manner.

(2) If the application (not being a convention application) is made by virtue of an assignment of a right to apply for a patent, there shall be furnished with the application or within such period after the filing of the application as may be prescribed a declaration signed by the person claiming to be the true and first inventor or by the personal representative of such person stating that he assents to the making of the application.

(3) An application (other than a convention application) shall state that the applicant is in possession of the invention and shall name the person claiming to be the true and first inventor, and where the person so claiming is not the applicant or one of the applicants, the application shall contain a declaration that the applicant believes him to be the true and first inventor.

(4) A convention application shall specify the date on which and the convention country in which the application for protection for the invention to which the convention application relates, or the first application for protection was made, and shall state that no application for protection has been made in a convention country in respect of that invention before that date by the applicant or any person from whom he derives title.

(5) Where applications for protection have been made in one or more convention countries in respect of two or more inventions that are cognate or of which one is a modification of another, a single convention application may, subject to the provisions of section 9 of this Act, be made in respect of those inventions at any time within the period prescribed under subsection (3) of section 6 of this Act commencing on the date of the first of the said applications for protection:

Provided that the fee payable on the making of any such application shall be the same as if separate applications had been made in respect of each of the said inventions, and the requirements of the last foregoing subsection shall in the case of any such application apply separately to the applications for protection in respect of each of the said inventions.

(6) Without prejudice to the provisions of subsection (4) of this section, every application for a patent shall give such information as may be prescribed.

Complete and provisional specifications,

8. —(1) Every application for a patent (other than a convention application) shall be accompanied by either a complete specification or a provisional specification; and every convention application shall be accompanied by a complete specification.

(2) Where an application for a patent is accompanied by a provisional specification, a complete specification shall be filed within twelve months from the date of filing of the application and if the complete specification is not so filed the application shall be deemed to be abandoned:

Provided that the complete specification may be filed at any time after twelve months but within fifteen months from the date aforesaid if a request to that effect is made to the Controller and the prescribed fee paid on or before the date on which the specification is filed.

(3) Where two or more applications accompanied by provisional specifications have been filed in respect of inventions which are cognate or of which one is a modification of another, a single complete specification may, subject to the provisions of this and the next following section, be filed in pursuance of those applications, or, if more than one complete specification has been filed, may with the leave of the Controller be proceeded with in respect of those applications.

(4) Where an application for a patent (not being a convention application) is accompanied by a specification purporting to be a complete specification, the Controller may, if the applicant so requests at any time before the acceptance of the specification, direct that it shall be treated for the purposes of this Act as a provisional specification, and proceed with the application accordingly.

(5) Where a complete specification has been filed in pursuance of an application for a patent accompanied by a provisional specification or by a specification treated by virtue of a direction under the last foregoing subsection as a provisional specification, the Controller may, if the applicant so requests at any time before the acceptance of the complete specification, cancel the provisional specification and post-date the application to the date of filing of the complete specification.

(6) Where a complete specification is filed in pursuance of an application for a patent, the applicant shall furnish, within the time prescribed, such evidence as may be prescribed of—

(a) the result of any investigation made for the purpose of ascertaining whether the invention so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification has been published before the date of filing of the complete specification in a specification filed in any of such patent offices outside the State as may be prescribed, or

(b) the acceptance by any of such patent offices outside the State as may be prescribed of an application for a patent for the invention aforesaid.

Contents of specification.

9 .—(1) Every specification, whether complete or provisional, shall describe the invention, and shall begin with a title indicating the subject to which the invention relates.

(2) Subject to any rules made by the Minister under this Act, drawings may, and shall if the Controller so requires, be supplied for the purposes of any specification, whether complete or provisional, and any drawings so supplied shall, unless the Controller otherwise directs, be deemed to form part of the specification, and references in this Act to a specification shall be construed accordingly.

(3) Every complete specification—

(a) shall particularly describe the invention and the method by which it is to be performed,

(b) shall disclose the best method of performing the invention which is known to the applicant and for which he is entitled to claim protection, and

(c) shall end with a claim or claims defining the scope of the invention claimed.

(4) The claim or claims of a complete specification must relate to a single invention, must be clear and succinct, and must be fairly based on the matter disclosed in the specification.

(5) Rules made by the Minister under this Act may require that in such cases as may be prescribed by the rules, a declaration as to the inventorship of the invention, in such form as may be so prescribed, shall be furnished with the complete specification or within such period as may be so prescribed after the filing of that specification.

(6) Subject to the foregoing provisions of this section, a complete specification filed after a provisional specification, or filed with a convention application, may include claims in respect of developments of or additions to the invention which was described in the provisional specification or, as the case may be, the invention in respect of which the application for protection was made in a convention country, being developments or additions in respect ofwhich the applicant would be entitled under the provisions of section 6 of this Act to make a separate application for a patent.

(7) Where a complete specification claims a new substance, the claim shall be construed as not extending to that substance when found in nature.

Priority dates in relation to specifications.

10. —(1) (a) Every claim of a complete specification shall have effect from the date provided for by this section in relation to that claim and in this Act a reference to a priority date is, unless the context otherwise requires, a reference to such date.

(b) A patent shall not be invalidated by reason only of the publication or use of the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, on or after the priority date of that claim, or by the grant of another patent upon a specification claiming the same invention in a claim of the same or later priority date.

(2) Where the complete specification is filed in pursuance of a single application accompanied by a provisional specification or by a specification which is treated by virtue of a direction under subsection (4) of section 8 of this Act as a provisional specification, and the claim is fairly based on the matter disclosed in that specification, the priority date of that claim shall be the date of filing of the application.

(3) Where the complete specification is filed or proceeded with in pursuance of two or more applications accompanied by such specifications as are mentioned in the last foregoing subsection, and the claim is fairly based on the matter disclosed in one of those specifications, the priority date of that claim shall be the date of filing of the application accompanied by that specification.

(4) Where the complete specification is filed in pursuance of a convention application and the claim is fairly based on the matter disclosed in the application for protection in a convention country or, where the convention application is founded upon more than one such application for protection, in one of those applications, the priority date of that claim shall be the date of the relevant application for protection.

(5) Where, under the foregoing provisions of this section, any claim of a complete specification would, but for this provision, have two or more priority dates, the priority date of that claim shall be the earlier or earliest of those dates.

(6) In any case to which subsections (2) to (5) of this section do not apply, the priority date of a claim shall be the date of filing of the complete specification.

(7) The priority date of any matter disclosed in the descriptive part of a specification shall be the date on which that matter was first disclosed in pursuance of the application for a patent of which the specification forms a part or (in the case of a convention application) was first disclosed in the relevant application for protection in a convention country.

Examination of application.

11. —(1) When the complete specification has been filed in respect of an application for a patent, the application and specification or specifications shall be referred by the Controller to an officer of the Controller (in this Act referred to as an examiner) for examination together with any information furnished under subsection (6) of section 7 of this Act and any evidence furnished under subsection (6) of section 8 of this Act.

(2) If the examiner reports that the application or any specification filed in pursuance thereof does not comply with the requirements of this Act or of any rules made by the Minister thereunder, or that there is lawful ground of objection to the grant of a patent in pursuance of the application, the Controller may either—

(a) refuse to proceed with the application, or

(b) require the application or any such specification as aforesaid to be amended before he proceeds with the application.

(3) At any time after an application has been filed under this Act and before acceptance of the complete specification, the Controller may, at the request of the applicant and upon payment of the prescribed fee, direct that the application shall be post-dated to such date as may be specified in the request:

Provided that,

(a) no application shall be post-dated under this subsection to a date later than six months from the date on which it was actually made or would, but for this subsection be deemed to have been made, and

(b) a convention application shall not be post-dated under this subsection to a date later than the last date on which, under the foregoing provisions of this Act, the application could have been made.

(4) Where an application or specification filed under this Act is amended before acceptance of the complete specification, the Controller may direct that the application or specification shall be post-dated to the date on which it is amended or, if it has been returned to the applicant, to the date on which it is refiled.

(5) Rules made by the Minister under this Act may make provision for securing that where, at any time after an application or specification has been filed under this Act and before acceptance of the complete specification, a fresh application or specification is filed in respect of any part of the subject matter of the first-mentioned application or specification, the Controller may direct that the fresh application or specification shall be ante-dated to a date not earlier than the date of filing of the first-mentioned application or specification.

(6) An appeal shall lie from any decision of the Controller under subsection (2) or subsection (4) of this section.

Search for anticipation by previous publication.

12. —(1) Subject to the provisions of the last foregoing section of this Act, an examiner to whom an application for a patent is referred under this Act shall make investigation for the purpose of ascertaining whether the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, has been published before the date of filing of the applicant's complete specification in any specification filed in pursuance of an application for a patent made in the State.

(2) The examiner shall, in addition, make such investigation as the Controller may direct for the purpose of ascertaining whether the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, has been published in the State before the date of filing of the applicant's complete specification in any other document.

(3) The examiner shall, in addition, consider any information furnished in pursuance of subsection (6) of section 7 of this Act and any evidence furnished in pursuance of subsection (6) of section 8 of this Act.

(4) If it appears to the Controller that the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, has been published as described in subsection (1) or subsection (2) of this section, or if he is not satisfied by the information and evidence referred to in subsection (3) of this section that the invention so claimed has not been published before the date of the complete specification in any specification filed in an office prescribed under paragraph (a) of subsection (6) of section 8 of this Act, he may refuse to accept the complete specification unless the applicant either—

(a) shows to the satisfaction of the Controller that the priority date of the claim of his complete specification is not later than the date on which any relevant document or prescribed specification, as the case may be, was published,

(b) furnishes further evidence to the satisfaction of the Controller in pursuance of subsection (6) of section 8 of this Act, or

(c) amends his complete specification to the satisfaction of the Controller.

(5) An appeal shall lie from any decision of the Controller under this section.

Further search for anticipation.

13. —(1) In addition to the investigation required by the last foregoing section, the examiner shall make investigation for the purpose of ascertaining whether the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, is claimed in, or included in matter disclosed in the descriptive part of, any other specification published on or after the date of filing of the applicant's complete specification, being a specification filed—

(a) in pursuance of an application for a patent made in the State and dated before that date, or

(b) in pursuance of a convention application founded upon an application for protection made in a convention country before that date.

(2) If it appears to the Controller that the said invention is claimed in, or included in matter disclosed in the descriptive part of, any such other specification as aforesaid, he may, subject to the provisions of this section, direct that a reference to that other specification shall be inserted by way of notice to the public in the applicant's complete specification unless within such time as may be prescribed either—

(a) the applicant shows to the satisfaction of the Controller that the priority date of his claim is not later than the priority date of the claim or the matter disclosed in the descriptive part of the said other specification, or

(b) the complete specification is amended to the satisfaction of the Controller.

(3) If in consequence of the investigation under section 12 of this Act or otherwise it appears to the Controller—

(a) that the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the applicant's complete specification, has been claimed in, or included in matter disclosed in the descriptive part of, any such specification as is mentioned in subsection (1) of that section, and

(b) that the other specification was published on or after the priority date of the applicant's claim,

then unless it has been shown to the satisfaction of the Controller under that section that the priority date of the applicant's claim is not later than the priority date of the relevant claim of, or the matter disclosed in the descriptive part of, that other specification, the provisions of subsection (2) of this section shall apply as they apply in relation to a specification published on or after the date of filing of the applicant's complete specification.

(4) An appeal shall lie from any direction of the Controller under this section.

Reference in case of potential infringement.

14. —(1) If, in consequence of the investigations required by the foregoing provisions of this Act or of proceedings under section 19 or section 35 of this Act, it appears to the Controller that an invention in respect of which application for a patent has been made cannot be performed without substantial risk of infringement of a claim of any other patent, he may direct that a reference to that other patent shall be inserted in the applicant's complete specification by way of notice to the public unless within such time as may be prescribed either—

(a) the applicant shows to the satisfaction of the Controller that there are reasonable grounds for contesting the validity of the said claim of the other patent, or

(b) the complete specification is amended to the satisfaction of the Controller.

(2) Where, after a reference to another patent has been inserted in a complete specification in pursuance of a direction under the foregoing subsection—

(a) that other patent is revoked or otherwise ceases to be in force,

(b) the specification of that other patent is amended by the deletion of the relevant claim, or

(c) it is found, in proceedings before the Court or the Controller, that the relevant claim of that other patent is invalid or is not infringed by any working of the applicant's invention,

the Controller may, on the application of the applicant, delete the reference to that other patent.

(3) An appeal shall lie from any decision or direction of the Controller under this section.

Refusal of application in certain cases.

15. —(1) If it appears to the Controller in the case of any application for a patent—

(a) that it claims as an invention anything obviously contrary to well-established natural laws,

(b) that the use of the invention in respect of which the application is made would be contrary to public order or morality, or

(c) that it claims as an invention a substance capable of being used as food or medicine which is a mixture of known ingredients possessing only the aggregate of the known properties of the ingredients, or that it claims as an invention a process producing such a substance by mere admixture,

he may refuse the application.

(2) If it appears to the Controller that any invention in respect of which an application for a patent is made might be used in any manner contrary to law, he may insert in the complete specification such disclaimer in respect of that use of the invention, or such other reference to the illegality thereof, as he thinks fit.

(3) An appeal shall lie from any decision of the Controller under this section.

Supplementary provisions as to searches, etc.

16. —(1) The powers of the Controller under section 13 or section 14 of this Act may be exercised either before or after the complete specification has been accepted or a patent granted to the applicant, and references in those sections to the applicant shall accordingly be construed as including references to the patentee.

(2) Where a complete specification is amended under the foregoing provisions of this Act before it has been accepted, the amended specification shall be examined and investigated in like manner as the original specification.

(3) The examination and investigations required by the foregoing provisions of this Act shall not be deemed to warrant the validity of any patent, and no liability shall be incurred by the Minister or Controller or any officer of the Minister or Controller by reason of or in connection with any such examination or investigation or any report or other proceedings consequent thereon.

Time for putting application in order for acceptance.

17. —(1) An application for a patent shall be void unless within such period, beginning with the date of filing of the complete specification, as may be prescribed, or within such longer period as may be allowed under the following provisions of this section or under rules made under this Act, the applicant has complied with all requirements imposed on him by or under this Act, whether in connection with the complete specification or otherwise in relation to the application, and where the application or any specification or, in the case of a convention application, any document filed as part of the application, has been returned to the applicant by the Controller in the course of the proceedings, the applicant shall not be deemed to have complied with the said requirements unless and until he has refiled it.

(2) The period allowed by subsection (1) of this section shall be extended to such period, ending not later than three months after the date on which the period allowed under that subsection or that period as extended under subsection (3) of this section or under rules made under this Act would otherwise have expired, as may be specified in a notice given by the applicant to the Controller, if the notice is given and the prescribed fee paid before the expiration of the period so specified.

(3) If at the expiration of the period allowed under the foregoing provisions of this section an appeal is pending under any of the provisions of this Act in respect of the application (or, in the case of an application for a patent of addition, either in respect of that application or in respect of the application for the patent for the main invention) or the time within which such an appeal could be brought (apart from any future extension of time thereunder) has not expired, then—

(a) where such an appeal is pending, or is brought within the time aforesaid or before the expiration of any extension of that time granted (in the case of a first extension) on an application made within that time or (in the case of a subsequent extension) on an application made before the expiration of the last previous extension, the said period shall be extended until such date as the Court may determine,

(b) where no such appeal is pending or is so brought, the said period shall continue until the end of the time aforesaid, or if any extension of that time is granted as aforesaid, until the expiration of the extension or last extension so granted.

Acceptance and publication of complete specification.

18. —(1) Subject to the provisions of the last foregoing section, the complete specification filed in pursuance of an application for a patent may be accepted by the Controller at any time after the applicant has complied with the requirements mentioned in subsection (1) of that section, and if not so accepted within the period allowed under that section for compliance with those requirements, shall be accepted as soon as may be thereafter:

Provided that the applicant may give notice to the Controller requesting him to postpone acceptance until such date, not being later than fifteen months from the date of filing of the complete specification, as may be specified in the notice; and if such notice is given and, where the notice requests a postponement to a date later than twelve months from the date aforesaid, the prescribed fee is paid, the Controller may postpone acceptance accordingly.

(2) On the acceptance of a complete specification the Controller shall give notice to the applicant, and shall advertise in the Journal the fact that the specification has been accepted and the date on which the application and the specification or specifications filed in pursuance thereof will be open to public inspection.

(3) Any reference in this Act to the date of the publication of a complete specification shall be construed as a reference to the date advertised as aforesaid.

(4) After the date of the publication of a complete specification and until the sealing of a patent in respect thereof, the applicant shall have the like privileges and rights as if a patent for the invention had been sealed on the date of the publication of the complete specification:

Provided that an applicant shall not be entitled to institute any proceedings for infringement until the patent has been sealed.

Opposition to grant of patent.

19. —(1) At any time within three months from the date of the publication of a complete specification under this Act, any person interested may give notice to the Controller of opposition to the grant of the patent on any of the following grounds—

(a) that the applicant for the patent, or the person described in the application as the true and first inventor, obtained the invention or any part thereof from him, or from a person of whom he is the personal representative,

(b) that the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, has been published in the State, before the priority date of the claim—

(i) in any specification filed in pursuance of an application for a patent made in the State,

(ii) in any other document,

(c) that the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, is claimed in, or included in matter disclosed in the descriptive part of, another specification published on or after the priority date of the applicant's claim and filed in pursuance of an application for a patent in the State, the priority date of the relevant claim or the matter disclosed in the descriptive part of the other specification being earlier than that of the applicant's claim,

(d) that the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, was used in the State before the priority date of that claim,

(e) that the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, is obvious and clearly does not involve any inventive step having regard to any matter published in the manner specified in paragraph (b) of this subsection, any matter claimed or disclosed in the manner specified in paragraph (c) of this subsection or what was used in the State before the priority date of the applicant's claim,

(f) that the subject of any claim of the complete specification is not an invention within the meaning of this Act,

(g) that the complete specification does not sufficiently and fairly describe the invention or the method by which it is to be performed,

(h) that, in the case of a convention application, the application was not made within the period prescribed under subsection (3) of section 6 of this Act from the date of the first application for protection for the invention made in a convention country by the applicant or a person from whom he derives title,

but on no other ground.

(2) Where any such notice is given, the Controller shall give notice of the opposition to the applicant, and shall give to the applicant and the opponent an opportunity to be heard before he decides on the case.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (d) or paragraph (e) of subsection (1) of this section, no account shall be taken of any secret use.

(4) An appeal shall lie from any decision of the Controller under this section.

Refusal of patent without opposition.

20. —(1) If at any time after the acceptance of the complete specification filed in pursuance of an application for a patent and before the grant of a patent thereon it comes to the notice of the Controller, otherwise than in consequence of proceedings in opposition to the grant under the last foregoing section, that the invention, so far as claimed in any claim of the complete specification, has been published in the State before the priority date of the claim—

(a) in any specification filed in pursuance of an application for a patent in the State, or

(b) in any other document,

the Controller may refuse to grant the patent unless within such time as may be prescribed the complete specification is amended to his satisfaction.

(2) An appeal shall lie from any decision of the Controller under this section.

Mention of inventor as such in patent.

21. —(1) If the Controller is satisfied, upon a request or claim made in accordance with the provisions of this section—

(a) that the person in respect of or by whom the request or claim is made is the inventor of an invention in respect of which application for a patent has been made, or of a substantial part of that invention, and

(b) that the application for the patent is a direct consequence of his being the inventor,

the Controller shall, subject to the provisions of this section, cause him to be mentioned as inventor in any patent granted in pursuance of the application, in the complete specification, and in the register of patents:

Provided that the mention of any person as inventor under this section shall not confer or derogate from any rights under the patent.

(2) For the purposes of this section the actual deviser of an invention or a part of an invention shall be deemed to be the inventor, notwithstanding that any other person is for any of the other purposes of this Act treated as the true and first inventor, and no person shall be deemed to be the inventor of an invention or a part of an invention by reason only that it was imported by him into the State.

(3) A request that any person shall be mentioned as aforesaid may be made in the prescribed manner by the applicant for the patent or (where the person alleged to be the inventor is not the applicant or one of the applicants) by the applicant and that person.

(4) If any person (other than a person in respect of whom a request in relation to the application in question has been made under the last foregoing subsection) desires to be mentioned as aforesaid, he may make a claim in the prescribed manner in that behalf.

(5) A request or claim under the foregoing provisions of this section must be made not later than two months after the date of the publication of the complete specification, or within such further period (not exceeding one month) as the Controller may, on an application made to him in that behalf before the expiration of the said period of two months and subject to payment of the prescribed fee, allow.

(6) No request or claim under the foregoing provisions of this section shall be entertained if it appears to the Controller that the request or claim is based upon facts which, if proved in the case of an opposition under the provisions of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 19 of this Act by the person in respect of or by whom the request or claim is made, would have entitled him to relief under that section.

(7) Subject to the provisions of the last foregoing subsection, where a claim is made under subsection (4) of this section, the Controller shall give notice of the claim to every applicant for the patent (not being the claimant) and to any other person whom the Controller may consider to be interested, and before deciding upon any request or claim made under subsection (3) or subsection (4) of this section, the Controller shall, if required, hear the person in respect of or by whom the request or claim is made, and in the case of a claim under the said subsection (4), any person to whom notice of the claim has been given as aforesaid.

(8) Where any person has been mentioned as inventor in pursuance of this section, any other person who alleges that he ought not to have been so mentioned may at any time apply to the Controller for a certificate to that effect, and the Controller may, after hearing, if required, any person whom he may consider to be interested, issue such a certificate, and if he does so, he shall rectify the specification and the register accordingly.

(9) An appeal shall lie from any decision of the Controller under this section.

Substitution of applicants, etc.

22. —(1) If the Controller is satisfied, on a claim made in the prescribed manner at any time before a patent has been granted, that by virtue of any assignment or agreement made by the applicant or one of the applicants for the patent, or by operation of law, the claimant would, if the patent were then granted, be entitled thereto or to the interest of the applicant therein, or to an undivided share of the patent or of that interest, the Controller may, subject to the provisions of this section, direct that the application shall proceed in the name of the claimant or in the names of the claimant and the applicant or the other joint applicant or applicants, according as the case may require.

(2) No such direction as aforesaid shall be given by virtue of any assignment or agreement made by one of two or more joint applicants for a patent except with the consent of the other joint applicant or applicants.

(3) No such direction as aforesaid shall be given by virtue of any assignment or agreement for the assignment of the benefit of an invention unless either—

(a) the invention is identified therein by reference to the number of the application for the patent,

(b) there is produced to the Controller an acknowledgment by the person by whom the assignment or agreement was made that the assignment or agreement relates to the invention in respect of which that application is made, or

(c) the rights of the claimant in respect of the invention have been finally established by a decision of any court or by a determination of the Controller under the following provisions of this Act.

(4) Where one of two or more joint applicants for a patent dies at any time before the patent has been granted, the Controller may, upon a request in that behalf made by the survivor or survivors, and with the consent of the personal representative of the deceased, direct that the application shall proceed in the name of the survivor or survivors alone.

(5) If any dispute arises between joint applicants for a patent as to whether or the manner in which the application should be proceeded with, the Controller may, upon application made to him in the prescribed manner by any of the parties, and after giving to all parties concerned an opportunity to be heard, give such directions as he thinks fit for enabling the application to proceed in the name of one or more of the parties alone or for regulating the manner in which it shall be proceeded with, or for both those purposes, according as the case may require.

(6) An appeal shall lie from any decision of the Controller under this section.